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Spotlight on Kenya: Microinsurance for Every Farmer

In Sub-Saharan Africa, only 3% of 48 million smallholder farmers are insured. Owning 1 acre of land and earning approximately $1.40 per person per day characterize a smallholder farmer. Smallholder farmers often own a mixture of cash crops and subsistence or non-commercial farming; and, they lack the financial and technological resources of large-scale industrial farms. As extreme weather events become ever more frequent due to climate change, one flood or drought can push such farmers into the spiraling cycle of...
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Verkle tree structure

A Verkle tree is a commitment scheme that works similar to a Merkle tree, but has much smaller witnesses. It works by replacing the hashes in a Merkle tree with a vector commitment, which makes wider branching factors more efficient. Thanks to Kevaundray Wedderburn for feedback on the post.
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How The Merge Impacts Ethereum’s Application Layer

Note: this post was updated in March 2022 to reflect the latest changes to specifications. These include the renaming of consensus layer specifications to “Bellatrix”, the renaming of the RANDOM opcode to PREVRANDO and JSON RPC specification changes. Ethereum’s transition to proof of stake – The Merge – is near: devnets are being stood up, specifications are being finalized and community outreach has begun in earnest. The Merge is designed to have minimal impact on how Ethereum operates for end...
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Update on the partnership between EF and UNICEF

Since 2019, we have supported UNICEF’s CryptoFund with recurring contributions, and we are excited about our most recent donation too. Today, I would like to share the story of our journey together, to recognize some of the achievements of our partnership, and to speak a bit more about what’s next.
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Finalized no. 32

tl;dr Kintsugi🍵 in progress – testnet to come Stakers must upgrade for Arrow Glacier
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Announcing Grants for Advocacy Non-Profits

The Ethereum Foundation is allocating 1 million USD in grant funding to organizations that educate governments and policymakers about Ethereum and blockchain technology. We encourage others in the Ethereum community to support their important work.
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Arrow Glacier Upgrade Announcement

The Ethereum network will be undergoing a scheduled upgrade at block number 13,773,000, which is predicted to occur on Wednesday, December 8, 2021. The exact date is subject to change due to variable block times and timezones. Please upgrade your node before Sunday, December 5, 2021 to account for the variable block times.
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Allocation Update: Q2 2021

It’s that time again - our Q2 grantee lineup is coming right up. But before we get to that: ESP is hiring a Team Lead! We’re looking for someone organized, innovative, and passionate about Ethereum. If you think you might be the right person to lead a small but hardworking grants team, see the job posting and apply here. And now, to the grantees: Category Project Recipient Description Community & education   Ethereum Cat Herders Community group supporting Ethereum core...